Validation of a PTB force-balanced piston gauge primary pressure standard

Ahmed Salama Hashad, Wladimir Sabuga, Sven Ehlers, Thomas Bock


Experimental methods using different pressure standards were applied to verify theoretical results obtained for the effective area of the piston-cylinder assembly (PCA) and for pressures measured with a force-balanced piston gauge (FPG). The theoretical effective area was based on the PCA’s dimensional properties defined via diameter, straightness and roundness measurements of the piston and cylinder, derived by gas-flow modelling using principles of the rarefied gas dynamics, and presented as two values: one obtained for absolute and the other for gauge pressure operation mode. Both values have a relative standard uncertainty of 5×10-6. The experimental methods chosen were designed to cover the entire operating pressure range of the FPG from 3 Pa to 15 kPa. Comparisons of the FPG with three different PTB pressure standards operated in different pressure ranges – a pressure balance, a mercury manometer and a static expansion system – were performed using the cross-float method and by a direct comparison of the generated pressures. For the theoretical and experimental effective area, as well as for pressures generated by the FPG and the reference standards, all the results demonstrated full agreement within the expanded uncertainties of the standards.

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