Contribution of an interharmonic component to the sine-wave parameters estimators returned by the interpolated Discrete Fourier transform algorithm

Daniel Belega, Dario Petri, Dominique Dallet


This article investigates the contribution of a small-amplitude interharmonic component to the sine-wave parameter estimators returned by the classical interpolated discrete Fourier transform (IpDFT) algorithm. The analytical expressions for the frequency, amplitude, and phase estimation errors are derived herein by considering the IpDFT algorithm based on the maximum sidelobe decay (MSD) windows and by assuming the interharmonic frequency located at least one bin apart the unknown sine-wave frequency. The derived expressions allow us to analyse the impact of an interharmonic on the accuracies of the IpDFT frequency, amplitude, and phase estimators. The accuracies of the derived expressions are verified by means of both computer simulations and experimental results.

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