A Wi-Fi IoT prototype for ECG monitoring exploiting a novel Compressed Sensing method

Eulalia Balestrieri, Pasquale Daponte, Luca De Vito, Francesco Picariello, Sergio Rapuano, Ioan Tudosa

Abstract


The paper presents an Internet of Things (IoT) prototype which consists of a data acquisition device wirelessly connected to Internet via Wi-Fi, for continuous electrocardiogram (ECG) monitoring. The proposed system performs a novel Compressed Sensing (CS) based method on ECG signal with the aim of reducing the amount of transmitted data, thus realizing an efficient way to increase the battery life of such devices. For the assessment of the energy consumption of the device, an experimental setup was arranged and its description is presented. The evaluation of the reconstruction quality of the ECG signal in terms of Percentage of Root-mean-squared Difference (PRD) is reported for several Compression Ratios (CRs). The obtained experimental results clearly demonstrate the robustness and usefulness of the Wi-Fi based IoT devices adopting the considered CS-method for data compression of ECG signals. Furthermore, it allows reducing the energy consumption of the IoT device, by increasing the CR, without significantly degrading the quality of the reconstructed ECG signal.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21014/acta_imeko.v9i2.787