An ECG signal model based on a parametric description of the characteristic waves
AbstractThis article introduces a new electrocardiogram (ECG) signal model based on geometric signal properties. Instead of the artificial functions used in common ECG models, the proposed model is based on the modelling of real ECG signals divided into time segments. Each segment has been modelled using simple geometrical forms. The final ECG signal model is represented by the sequence of parameters of the base functions. Parameter variations allow for the generation of different waveforms for each subsequent heartbeat without mixing up the PQRST waves order. Two basic models utilize slightly modified elementary functions, which are computationally simple. A combination of both models allows for the modelling of irregularities in the consecutive heartbeats of the specific ECG waveforms. Respiratory, noise, and powerline interference can be added in order to make the generated ECG signal more realistic. The model parameters are estimated by differential evolution optimization and a comparison between the modelled ECG and the acquired signal. The proposed models are tested by the database included in the LabVIEW Biomedical Toolkit and ECG records in the MIT-BIH arrhythmia database.
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