ZrO2-doped ZnO-PDMS nanocomposites as protective coatings for the stone materials
ZnO is a semiconductor that has found wide application in the optics and electronics areas. Moreover, it is widely used in different technological areas due to its beneficial qualities (high chemical stability, non-toxicity, high photo-reactivity, and cheapness). Based on its antibacterial activity, recently it has found also application to prevent bio-deterioration of cultural heritage buildings. As many authors suggested, doped ZnO nano-structures exhibit better antibacterial properties than undoped analogues. In the present work, ZnO nanoparticles doped with ZrO2 have been prepared by a sol-gel method in order to enhance the photocatalytic properties as well as the antibacterial activity of ZnO. Then, ZrO2-ZnO-PDMS nanocomposite (PDMS, polydimethylsiloxane used as the binder) was synthesized by in-situ reaction. The resulting nanocomposite has been investigated as a possible protective material for cultural heritage building substrates. The performances of newly prepared coating were evaluated in three different stones (Lecce stone, Carrara Marble and Brick) and compared with Plain PDMS as a reference coating.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).