Comparison between 3D-reconstruction optical methods applied to bulge-tests through a feed-forward neural network

Damiano Alizzio, Marco Bonfanti, Guido Garozzo, Fabio Lo Savio, Roberto Montanini, Antonino Quattrocchi


The mechanical behaviour of rubber-like materials can be investigated through numerous techniques that differ from each other in costs, execution times and parameters described. Bulge test method proved helpful for hyperelastic membranes under plane and equibiaxial stress state. In the present study, bulge tests in force control were carried out on SBR 20% CB-filled specimens. 3D reconstructions of the dome were achieved through two different stereoscopic techniques, the epipolar geometry and the Digital Image Correlation. Through a Feed-Forward Neural Network (FFNN), these reconstructions were compared with the measurements by a laser triangulation sensor taken as reference. 3D-DIC reconstruction was found to be more accurate. Indeed, bias errors of the 3D-DIC and epipolar techniques with respect to the relative reference values, under creep condition, were 0.53 mm and 0.87 mm, respectively.

Full Text: