Visible color changes estimation in colorimetric determination of chromium (VI) using polymeric sensors
The paper describes an application of a kind of optical analytical method, digital color analysis (DCA), using colorimetric polymethacrylate sensors (optodes) in order to determine Cr (VI). The optodes are made of optically transparent polymethacrylate matrix (PMM) with 1.5-diphenylcarbazide immobilized. The developed optode can be used in determination of the analytes using solid phase spectrophotometry and calculating color coordinates as functions of absorbance spectra. Also color coordinates can be represented as basic color (e.g. RGB) data after the optode image digitizing. Then one can determine the content of an analyte in a sample by an appropriate color difference calculated for these coordinates. Experimental results of Cr (VI) determination in tap water show that the DCA relative standard deviation is 8-17 % and recovery is < 12 % at the range of determined concentrations 0.05-1.0 mg·L–1. The characteristics are comparable with those of the solid phase spectrophotometry.
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