Rarefied gas flow in pressure and vacuum measurements
AbstractFlows of a gas through the piston-cylinder gap of a gas-operated pressure balance and in a general vacuum system have one aspect in common, namely that the gas is rarefied due, respectively, to the small dimensions and the low pressure. The flows in both systems could be characterised as being in either slip-flow or transition regimes. Therefore, fundamental research of flow in these regimes is useful for both pressure and vacuum metrology, especially for the gas-operated pressure balance where a continuum viscous flow model is widely used for determining the effective area of the pressure balance. The consideration of gas flow using the most suitable assumption would improve the accuracy of such a calculation. Moreover, knowledge about rarefied gas flow will enable gas behaviour in vacuum and low-flow leak detection systems to be predicted. This paper provides useful information about rarefied gas flow in both slip-flow and transition regimes.
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