A comparison between aeroacoustic source mapping techniques for the characterisation of wind turbine blade models with microphone arrays

Gianmarco Battista, Marcello Vanali, Paolo Chiariotti, Paolo Castellini


Characterising the aeroacoustic noise sources generated by a rotating wind turbine blade provides useful information for tackling noise reduction of this mechanical system. In this context, microphone array measurements and acoustic source mapping techniques are powerful tools for the identification of aeroacoustic noise sources. This paper discusses a series of acoustic mapping strategies that can be exploited in this kind of applications. A single-blade rotor was tested in a semi-anechoic chamber using a circular microphone array.
The Virtual Rotating Array (VRA) approach, which transforms the signals acquired by the physical static array into signals of virtual microphones synchronously rotating with the blade, hence ensuring noise-source stationarity, was used to enable the use of frequency domain acoustic mapping techniques. A comparison among three different acoustic mapping methods is presented: Conventional Beamforming, CLEAN-SC and Covariance Matrix Fitting based on Iterative Re-weighted Least Squares and Bayesian approach. The latter demonstrated to provide the best results for the application and made it possible a detailed characterization of the noise sources generated by the rotating blade at different operating conditions.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21014/acta_imeko.v10i4.1142