A comparison between aeroacoustic source mapping techniques for the characterisation of wind turbine blade models with microphone arrays
Characterising the aeroacoustic noise sources generated by a rotating wind turbine blade provides useful information for tackling noise reduction of this mechanical system. In this context, microphone array measurements and acoustic source mapping techniques are powerful tools for the identification of aeroacoustic noise sources. This paper discusses a series of acoustic mapping strategies that can be exploited in this kind of applications. A single-blade rotor was tested in a semi-anechoic chamber using a circular microphone array.
The Virtual Rotating Array (VRA) approach, which transforms the signals acquired by the physical static array into signals of virtual microphones synchronously rotating with the blade, hence ensuring noise-source stationarity, was used to enable the use of frequency domain acoustic mapping techniques. A comparison among three different acoustic mapping methods is presented: Conventional Beamforming, CLEAN-SC and Covariance Matrix Fitting based on Iterative Re-weighted Least Squares and Bayesian approach. The latter demonstrated to provide the best results for the application and made it possible a detailed characterization of the noise sources generated by the rotating blade at different operating conditions.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).