Metrological characterisation of current transformers calibration unit for accurate measurement
The manuscript presents a method for the metrological characterisation of the commercial AC comparators used to calibrate current transformers. The theoretical basis for simulating the difference between two almost identical currents has been outlined, as well as the mathematical models for both a ratio error and a phase displacement has been derived. The measurement setup, consisting of conventional measuring instruments, has been described with a detailed presentation of its parameters. The sources of uncertainty have been distinguished and analysed with determining the current phase shift which led to a significant increase of relative measurement uncertainty. The simulation of measurement results was yielded in two ways: physically using a method presented and virtually using a Monte Carlo method. The second method confirmed that evaluating the measurement uncertainty through derived sensitivity coefficients is correct enough. The simulation results in the range from 1 to 1200 parts per million for both ratio error and phase displacement motivated the use of a comparator characterised through the proposed method for accurate measurement, especially for very low errors.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).