Digital signal processsing functions for ultra-low frequency calibrations

Henrik Ingerslev, Soren Andresen, Jacob Holm Winther


The demand from industry to produce accurate acceleration measurements down to ever lower frequencies and with ever lower noise is increasing. Different vibration transducers are used today for many different purposes within this area, like detection and warning for earthquakes, detection of nuclear testing, and monitoring of the environment. Accelerometers for such purposes must be calibrated in order to yield trustworthy results and provide traceability to the SI-system accordingly. For these calibrations to be feasible, suitable ultra low-noise accelerometers and/or signal processing functions are needed.
Here we present two digital signal processing (DSP) functions designed to measure ultra low-noise acceleration in calibration systems. The DSP functions use dual channel signal analysis on signals from two accelerometers measuring the same stimuli and use the coherence between the two signals to reduce noise. Simulations show that the two DSP functions are estimating calibration signals better than the standard analysis.
The results presented here are intended to be used in key comparison studies of accelerometer calibration systems, and may help extend current general low frequency range from e.g. 100 mHz down to ultra-low frequencies of around 10mHz, possibly using somewhat same instrumentation.

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