Errors in the Vickers diagonal length measurement caused by different designs of microscopes
AbstractThe errors in the Vickers diagonal length measurement are discussed from the point of view of the design of microscope. Effects of the numerical aperture (NA) of an objective lens are evaluated through the experiment. With smaller NA, the resolving power of the microscope gets worse and the depth of focus gets deeper as predicted Rayleigh’s criterion. The relationship between the repeatability of diagonal length and the objective NA follows the theory. In addition, the variation of NA relates the measured diagonal length. Those effects are much significant than the image resolution or the minimum count of a measuring system.
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