A layered IoT-based architecture for a distributed structural health monitoring system System

Francesco Lamonaca, Carmelo Scuro, Domenico Grimaldi, Renato Sante Olivito, Paolo Francesco Sciammarella, Domenico Luca Carnì

Abstract


Structural health monitoring (SHM) is responsible for identifying techniques and for prototyping systems performing a state diagnosis of structures. Its aim is to prevent sudden civil infrastructure failure as a result of several invisible sources of damage. Since structural damage is often caused by ground phenomena involving circumscribed geographical areas, it is useful to extend SHM systems to allow for the exchange of information among nearby buildings and then to increase the timeliness of the alerts. To this end, in this article, an SHM based on the IoT paradigm is proposed (SHM-IoT). SHM-IoT carries out both localised monitoring on a single building, and it uses information collected by several sensors correlated in time, aiming to identify potentially dangerous damage. It also performs a wider monitoring on a group of buildings in order to alert a larger number of people. SHM-IoT also sends a remote notification, which is finalised in order to alert the authorities and rescuers about the status of each monitored building. In this context, synchronisation problems arise because the information collected by each sensor of the SHM-IoT needs to be correlated in time in order to be used for damage evaluation and alert generation. In this paper, the hardware and software architectures of the proposed SHM-IoT are presented together with the synchronisation requirements and the methods of satisfying them. Experiments are undertaken to validate the SHM-IoT in real scenarios.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21014/acta_imeko.v8i2.640