Optical system for on line monitoring of welding: a machine learning approach for optimal set up
In this paper a methodology is described for continuous checking of the settings of a low cost vision system for automatic geometrical measurement of welding embedded on components of complicated shape. The measurement system is based on a laser sheet. Measuring conditions and the corresponding uncertainty are analyzed by evaluating their p-value and its closeness to an optimal measurement configuration also when working conditions are changed. The method aims to check the holding of optimal measuring conditions by using a machine learning approach for the vision system: based on a such methodology single images can be used to check the settings, therefore allowing a continuous and on line monitoring of the optical measuring system capabilities.
According to this procedure, the optical measuring system is able to reach and to hold uncertainty levels adequate for automatic dimensional checking of welding and of defects, taking into account the effects of system hardware/software incorrect settings and environmental effects, like varying lighting conditions. The paper also studies the effects of process variability on the method for quantitative evaluation, in order to propose on line solutions for this system.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).