Techniques for on-board vibrational passenger comfort monitoring in public transport
AbstractTraffic calming devices on urban streets, such as elevated pedestrian crossings, speed bumps and roundabouts, are increasingly used, raising a real problem in relation to the on-board comfort that passengers perceive. To measure vibrational comfort related to traffic calming devices that passengers of the public transport perceive, an acquisition system called ASGCM (Autonomous System for Geo-referenced Comfort Measurements) has been developed, taking as a reference the European regulations on rail transports. ASGCM permits to link each measurement of vibration, ground velocity and acceleration with geographical information resulting from a GPS. In this way a map of a comfort index, statistical surveys and correlation between on-board comfort and traffic calming, can be directly obtained by any Geographic Information System (GIS), able to query a centralized remote database, which was developed ad- hoc. A large number of experimental tests has been performed to define a vibrational comfort index and to collect a large dataset that allows statistically significant comparisons between different infrastructures and their characterization. The proposed technique can also be useful for diagnostics purposes, such as vehicle comparison and road maintenance state monitoring.
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