Experimental evaluation of the air trapped during the water entry of flexible structures
AbstractDeformable structures entering the water might experience several fluid-structure interaction (FSI) phenomena; air trapping is one of these. According to its definition, it consists of air bubbles trapped between the structure and the fluid during the initial stage of the impact. These bubbles might reduce the peak impact force. This phenomenon is characteristic for the water entry of flat-bottom structures. Above a deadrise angle of 10°, air trapping is negligible. In this work, we propose a methodology to evaluate the amount of air trapped in the fluid during the water entry. Experiments are performed on wedges with varying stiffness, entry velocity, and deadrise angle. A digital image post- processing technique is developed and utilized to track the air trapping mechanism and its evolution in time. Interesting results are found on the effect of the impact velocity and the structural deformation on the amount of air trapped during the slamming event.
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