Measurement and meaningfulness
This is a reissue of a paper which appeared in ACTA IMEKO 1985, Proceedings of the 10th World Congress of the International Measurement Confederation, "New measurement technology to serve mankind", 22.-26.4.1985, Prague, pp. 319-333.
The question raised in this paper is: What is the meaning of a statement in which reference is made to measurements? Measuring a property of a system produces numbers. The question can be made more specific by considering the following aspects of these numbers: validity and purpose of numbers to be obtained; accuracy and stability of numbers obtained; possibility of obtaining numbers; meaningfulness of relations between numbers obtained; relation to numbers representing other properties; what is arbitrary and what not in what the numbers denote; in short: what do the numbers obtained in measurement signify.
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