An innovative approach for analysing and evaluating enteric diseases in poultry farm




diseases, poultry farm, VOCs, coccidiosis, necrotic enteritis


Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) produced by pathogens, host-pathogen interactions and biochemical pathways are present everywhere such as in blood, breath, faeces, sweat, skin, urine, and vaginal fluids. Their qualitative and quantitative composition is influenced by pathophysiological responses to infections, toxins, or endogenous metabolic pathway perturbations. In poultry, VOCs analysis has been explored to evaluate air quality in sheds, but they have never been monitored to determine if birds were affected by enteric diseases. The enteric disorders represent one of the most important groups of diseases that affect poultry and cause illness, mortality, and economic losses. For this reason, monitoring the health status of broilers and the early detection of any health problem is of great importance in intensive farming, especially nowadays that antibiotics are banned. Precision Livestock Farming, through the combination of cheap technologies and specific algorithms, can provide valuable information for farmers starting from the huge amount of data collected in real time at farm level.

This study was aimed to the application of a PLF diagnostic tool, sensible to the variation of volatile organic compounds, to promptly recognize enteric problems recognize enteric problems (as coccidiosis and necrotic enteritis) in intensive farming, supporting veterinarians and enabling specific treatments in case of disease.






Research Papers