Interactive model of magnetic field reconstruction stand for mobile robot navigation algorithms debugging which use magnetometer data

Stanislaw Goll, Alexander Borisov


An important addition to inertial navigation systems is the magnetometer. Areas with magnetic field anomalies serve to determine the reference points. However, magnetometers can be influenced by both the robot’s configuration and its electrical equipment. Compensation for the robot’s self-influence on the readings of the magnetometers is carried out by computer tools. In order to obtain the initial data, live experiments are required in a natural environment. To simplify data acquisition concerning the behaviour of the magnetometric systems of a mobile robot, a special facility that allows for the local compensation of the Earth’s magnetic field is used, and an artificial magnetic field that varies according to a predetermined algorithm is created. Using this facility, we can also simulate the magnetic field that will be present in the intended environment of the application of the robot. The facility features are a working space that is sufficient to place the mobile robot; a coil temperature drift correction; uniformity of the frequency response in operating frequency range; compensation for the power supply interference and similar disturbances; sensitivity equalisation of control channels; compensation for the misalignment of the sensor’s and coil system’s coordinate systems. An interactive Simulink model is designed and evaluated. The automated stand is created as an experimental facility, its parameters proving the proposed model’s adequacy.

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